ALEXANDER (c. 36–7 B.C.E.), son of herod and mariamne . As Herod's heir presumptive, Alexander was educated in Rome with his younger brother Aristobulus from c. 23–17 B.C.E. On his return to Judea he married Glaphyra, the daughter of Archelaus, king of Cappadocia. His arrival aroused the fears of those members of Herod's retinue who had been responsible for the death of Mariamne, for they assumed Alexander would avenge his mother's death. salome – who had been chiefly to blame – incited the king against Alexander, insinuating that he and his brother intended to take revenge on him for their mother's death. Influenced by these slanders, Herod recalled antipater , his son by his first marriage, to support him. In 12 B.C.E. the king took both princes with him to Italy to arraign them before Augustus on charges of conspiracy. At their meeting in Aquileia, the emperor managed to effect a reconciliation between the father and the sons. However, the intrigues against the princes continued, and relations with their father deteriorated irrevocably. Alexander was put in irons and his life threatened. As a result of the intervention of Archelaus, Herod was pacified and Alexander released. The machinations against him continued, however. This time it was the Spartan Eurycles, a guest at Herod's court, who incited the king against him after accepting a bribe from Antipater. Herod then suspected two men of plotting with Alexander to kill him. Alexander was again imprisoned, together alexander   with his brother. After Alexander confessed that they wanted to escape to Italy to take refuge from their accusers, Herod again lodged a complaint about his sons' conduct to Augustus. The emperor granted Herod permission to judge them as he saw fit, but advised him to try them in a court composed of Roman well-wishers and officials. The trial took place in Berytus (Beirut). Alexander and his brother were sentenced to death and sent to Caesarea. There a commander of the garrison, Tiro, a veteran in Herod's service, attempted to gain them a reprieve. His plea that if the executions took place riots would erupt only served to incense Herod further. Tiro was put to death together with other friends of Alexander. The two brothers were brought to Sebaste (Samaria) where they were executed by strangling. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 15:342; 16:78–129, 189 ff., 230 ff., 244 ff., 30 1 ff., 356 ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 153 ff.; A. Schalit, Hordos ha-Melekh (19643), 286 ff.; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (19014), 369 ff., 407 ff.; Graetz, Hist, 2 (1893), 112–3. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander I. — Alexander hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herrscher namens Alexander 1.1 Alexander I. 1.2 Alexander II. 1.3 Alexander III. 1.4 Alexander IV …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander — stammt vom altgriechischen Namen Αλέξανδρος, Aléxandros, und bedeutet so viel wie Der die (fremden) Männer abwehrt und Der Beschützer. Die Bedeutung des Namens wird auch in Zusammenhang mit einem Golem in der jüdischen Mythologie gebracht,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander I — may refer to:*Alexander I of Macedon, king of Macedon 495 450 B.C. *Alexander I of Epirus King of Epirus about 342 B.C. *Pope Alexander I, Pope from 106 to 115 *Alexander I of Scotland (c. 1078 1124), King of Scotland *Alexandru I cel Bun… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander II. — Alexander II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander II. (Makedonien) († 368 v. Chr.), König (370 bis 368 v. Chr.) Alexander II. (Epirus) († 245/240 v. Chr.), König von Epiros Alexander II. Zabinas († 123 v. Chr.), König von Syrien (128 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander II — may refer to:* Alexander II of Russia (1818 ndash;1881), the Emperor of Russia * Alexander II of Macedon, King of Macedon from 370 to 368 B.C. * Alexander II of Epirus, King of Epirus in 272 B.C. * Pope Alexander II, Pope from 1061 to 1073 *… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Os — Verband Norwegen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander IV. — Alexander IV. ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander IV. Aigos (323–310 v. Chr.), als Sohn von Alexander dem Großen dessen Erbe und Titularkönig von Makedonien (317 bis 311 v. Chr.) Alexander IV. (Papst) (* um 1199; † 1261), Papst (1254 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander IV — may refer to: * Pope Alexander IV * Alexander IV of Macedon, son of Alexander the Great …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander V. — Alexander V. ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander V. (Makedonien) († 294 v. Chr.), König von Makedonien (296 bis 294 v. Chr.) Alexander V. (Gegenpapst) (1340–1410), Gegenpapst (1409 bis 1410) Alexander V. (Georgien), König von Westgeorgien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander — n. 1. 1 a European herb ({Smyrnium olusatrum}) somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb. Syn: Alexanders, black lovage, horse parsley [WordNet 1.5] 2. 1 the famous king of Macedon …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alexander Os — (born January 21, 1980 in Fauske) is a Norwegian biathlete.Career highlights;IBU World Junior Championships:2000, Hochfilzen, 23rd at pursuit:2000, Hochfilzen, 27th at sprint;World Cup:2007, Lahti, sica 2nd at sprint:2007, Hochfilzen, goca 1st at …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.